sludge thickening tank processe

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Sludge Thickening

C. Johnson, in Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification, 2014. Design considerations. There are generally two DAF tank configurations – circular and rectangular. Circular tanks are used mainly for wastewater or sludge thickening applications, whereas rectangular tanks are more common for potable water treatment. Rectangular tanks offer advantages over circular in terms of ...

Controlled Aerobic Digestion of Thickened Sludge ...

Therefore, the design of the sludge handling system should allow the flexibility to bypass the thickener if necessary. For further information, call 512-834-6000, fax 512-834-6039, e-mail [email protected] .


Design of Thickeners The thickening process takes place in a settling tank with long-enough solids retention time. For example in secondary clarifiers of activated sludge systems both clarification and thickening operations are carried out. Actually, the thickening of the sludge is a concern to

Patapsco Treatment Process | Baltimore City Department of ...

Thickening of sludge at the Patapsco plant is accomplished by gravitation. Solids from primary and secondary treatment are pumped into the two 65 feet diameter sludge-thickening tanks. These two fiberglass domed tanks take primary sludge (1% solids) and thicken it to 6% solids and secondary sludge (1.5% solids) to 2.5% solids.

Sludge thickening and dewatering

Two processes can be used to thicken sludge: Static thickening, by gravitational settling Static thickening calls on conventional and innovative techniques, such as Drainis Turbo that eliminates the water at speeds higher than the conventional speeds, thereby optimising the downstream dewatering phase (reduction of the amount of equipment, energy and reagent consumption, etc.).

How a Thickener Works

Thickening or dewatering may be defined as the removal of a portion of the liquid from a pulp or slime made up of a mixture of finely divided solids and liquids. The early methods of thickening employed plain, flat-bottomed tanks into which the pulp was fed until the tank was full. The solids were then allowed to settle as long as required, the top liquid was decanted, the settled solids were ...

Sewage sludge treatment

Thickening is often the first step in a sludge treatment process. Sludge from primary or secondary clarifiers may be stirred (often after addition of clarifying agents) to form larger, more rapidly settling aggregates. Primary sludge may be thickened to about 8 or 10 percent solids, while secondary sludge may be thickened to about 4 percent solids.


1. Waste Activated Sludge (WAS) is wasted from the activated sludge process and enters the Anoxic Tank at a rate of 1Q. 2. As the liquid level in the Anoxic Tank rises, sludge is pumped into the membrane thickening (MBT) tank at a recycle rate of 4Q, ensuring the solids remain at an optimum thickness. 3.

Sludge Thickening

A design developed in the UK by the WRc (Warden, 1983), for waterworks sludge thickening applications, consists of a cylindrical tank of water depth 2–3.5 m with a shallow sloping floor (1 in 20). Sludge is introduced at a central feed well and the supernatant overflows a peripheral weir.

Sludge Thickening and Dewatering | Sludge Treatment System

Sludge thickening and dewatering is two important stages in treating sludge. Thickening is the first step of sludge treatment in which the solids concentration is increased and the total sludge volume is correspondingly decreased, Thickening commonly produces sludge solids concentrations between 15% and 20%, LZZG Deep Cone Thickener results in maximum water recovery, maximum underflow …

Complete Mix Activated Sludge Treatment of Citrus Process ...

A solid bowl centrifuge proved to be ineffective for thickening either activated sludge alone or activated sludge mixed with lime sludge. 8. The capital and operating expense for the treatment system was 1.5 £ per box of fruit processed or 3.2 £ per pound of BOD removed during the 1969-70 season.

Investigation and Design of a Picket Fence Thickener for ...

This is turned by a motor about a vertical axis positioned centrally in the process tank as waste water slowly enters the tank.(Fabtech 2016) Picket Fence Thickeners are large circular tanks that are used to thicken primary sludge before digestion. A PFT works by slowly rotating its mechanism in the tank at speeds a slow as 0.12 RPM.

Biosolids Technology Fact Sheet Gravity Thickening

----- TABLE 1 PERFORMANCE OF CONVENTIONAL GRAVITY THICKENING Type of Solids Primary (PRI) Trickling Filter (TF) Rotating Biological Feed (%TS) 2-7 1-4 1-3.5 Thickened Solids (%TS) 5-10 3-6 2-5 Contactor (RBC) Waste Activated Solids (WAS) PRI + WAS PRI + TF PRI + RBC PRI + Lime PRI + (WAS+ Iron) PRI + (WAS+ Aluminum salts) Anaerobically digested PRI + WAS 0.2-1 0.5-4 2-6 2-6 3 …

Sludge Thickening

AES can offer gravity thickening, dissolved air flotation (DAF) thickening, centrifugal thickening, and rotary drum thickening depending upon the process application & space availability. 1. Gravity Thickening: This process involves the concentration of thin sludges to more dense sludge in special circular tanks designed for this purpose.

Process Design Manual Sludge Treatment And Disposal

----- TABLE OF CQWTENTS-Continued Chapter Page 4 4.3.7 Integration of DAF Thickening into the Conventional Activated Sludge Plant 4 - 28 4.3.8 Effect of Oxygen Activated Sludge 4-28 4.4 Centrifugal Thickening 4 - 30 4.4.1 Solid Bowl Conveyor Type Centrifuge—Sludge Thickening 4 - 30 4.4.2 Disc-Noz/le Centrifuge 4-30 4,4.3 Basket (Imperforate Bowl-Knife Discharge) Centrifuge 4 - 34 4.4.4 ...

Sludge thickening dewatering process of various sludge ...

Sludge thickening dewatering process of various sludge types. published date: 08-13-2019. STP typically requires sludge dewatering prior to final disposal of sludge/biosolids, or as a prelude to further processing or stabilization. Since the dewatering process has significant differences in reducing the moisture content of the sludge, the final sludge treatment method usually has a significant ...

3.2 Settling

In order to ensure that faecal sludge can be treated during thickening, sludge removal and also maintenance activities, two settling-thickening tanks are usually operating in parallel or alternately. In this picture from Dakar, one settling-thickening tank is being loaded, while the other one is left for settling and thickening.


Sludge is a semi-solid slurry that can be produced from a range of industrial processes, from water treatment, wastewater treatment or on-site sanitation systems. For example, it can be produced as a settled suspension obtained from conventional drinking water treatment, as sewage sludge from wastewater treatment processes or as fecal sludge from pit latrines and septic tanks.


The role of sludge thickening is to thicken the sludge of low concentration generated in STPs, and to make subsequent processes such as sludge digestion and sludge de-watering more effective. Thickened sludge may be of two kinds: primary sludge generated in the primary settling tank and excess sludge generated in the secondary settling tank ...


• Return sludge – A major portion of the secondary sludge is returned to the aeration tank for seeding the microorganisms. This is called return sludge (RS). • Excess sludge – A small portion of secondary sludge is wasted. This is equal to secondary sludge minus return sludge. This is called excess sludge (ES) on waste sludge (WS).

Wastewater treatment

Wastewater treatment - Wastewater treatment - Sludge treatment and disposal: The residue that accumulates in sewage treatment plants is called sludge (or biosolids). Sewage sludge is the solid, semisolid, or slurry residual material that is produced as a by-product of wastewater treatment processes. This residue is commonly classified as primary and secondary sludge.

HUBER Solutions for Sludge Thickening

Thickening is the first step for reducing the sludge volume by removal of free sludge water. Thin sludge is concentrated to thick sludge. Thick sludge has a higher viscosity, but must still be pumpable. Sludge settles in gravity thickeners and is compressed by the weight of its own solids.


Apr 03, 2018· The sludge digestion process is a two-phase process. In the first stage, the dry solid sludge is heated and mixed in a closed tank to enable anaerobic digestion by acid-forming bacteria. These bacteria hydrolyze the large molecules of proteins and lipids present in the sludge and break them down into smaller water-soluble molecules, which they ...


thickening (consolidation) zone as well as the clarification zone. Curves for the evaluation of the thickening capacity of the secondary sedimentation tanks (handling activated sludge from extended aeration process) were developed. The effect of temperature on thickening …


solids-liquid separation in settling-thickening tanks. • Be able to design a settling-thickening tank to achieve the desired treatment goal. 6.1 INTRODUCTION Settling-thickening tanks are used to achieve separation of the liquid and solid fractions of faecal sludge (FS).

Sludge thickening and stabilization processes

Oct 09, 2017· Tank similar in design to a conventional sedimentation tank. Normally a circular tank is used . Gravity thickening is most effective on primary sludge. Gravity thickeners are designed on the basis of solids loading and thickener overflow rate. Recommended maximum hydraulic overflow rates range from 15.5 to 31 m3/ m2d. 12.

Rake Thickener Tanks | Washing Systems

THICKENER TANKS Washing Systems offers a range of Thickener sizes and types to suit a variety of materials and applications. The TWS Applications team balance the client's needs in terms of material type and slurry volume, desired sludge characteristics in order to propose the best thickener …

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